31 March 2017

Difference between electrochemical series and galvanic series

The electrochemical series is an orderly listing of standard half-cell electrode potential and the galvanic series is an orderly listing of corrosion potential for different metals and alloys. They both are based on thermodynamic analysis. 

Let us have a deep insight into the discuss the electrochemical and galvanic series and the difference between them.  

Electrochemical series :

  • Electrode potentials are measured by dipping pure metals in their salt solution of IM concentration, without any oxide films on them.
  • The position of a metal in the electrochemical series is fixed.
  • It gives no information regarding the positions of alloys.
  • The position of metal is permanently fixed in this series.
  • this series comprises metals and non-metals.
  • It predicts the relative displacement tendencies.
  • It is absolute.
  • It is quantitative.
  • it is a series only for pure metals.
  • It is used for theoretical calculations.

Galvanic series :

  • This series was developed by studying corrosion of metals and alloys in unpolluted seawater, without their oxide films, if any removed.
  • In galvanic series, the position of a given metal may shift.
  • Their corrosion can be studied from this series since alloys are included in galvanic series
  • The position of metal, when present in the form of an alloy, is different from that of pure metal.
  • This series comprises metals and alloys.
  • It predicts the relative corrosion tendencies.
  • It is relative.
  • It is qualitative.
  • It is a series for pure metals and alloys also.
  • It is used for practical applications.