14 March 2023

Challenges for the EV Infrastructure Industry

Electric vehicles (EVs) have gained considerable momentum in recent years as a viable alternative to traditional fossil fuel-powered cars. An EV is a vehicle which is powered by an electric motor that gets electricity from a battery and is capable of being charged from an external source.

However, the adoption of electric vehicles is not without its challenges. One of the most significant obstacles to the widespread adoption of electric vehicles is the lack of sufficient EV infrastructure.

In this article, we will discuss some of the challenges facing the development of EV infrastructure. 

Limited charging infrastructure: One of the biggest challenges facing the growth of the electric vehicle market is the limited charging infrastructure. EVs require frequent charging, and without a reliable network of charging stations, EV owners may face difficulty finding places to charge their vehicles. While some companies have installed charging stations in public places like shopping malls, parking lots, and gas stations, the overall number of charging stations is still relatively low compared to the number of gas stations. To encourage EV adoption, governments need to invest in the development of a robust charging infrastructure.

High cost of charging stations: Another significant challenge facing the development of EV infrastructure is the high cost of installing charging stations. Building a charging station requires significant investment, and the high cost of installation is a significant deterrent for businesses and individuals looking to invest in EV infrastructure. However, as more companies and individuals realize the benefits of owning and driving electric vehicles, the demand for charging stations will increase, and the costs associated with installing them will likely decrease.

Range anxiety: It is a term used to describe the fear of running out of power while driving an electric vehicle. Unlike traditional gasoline-powered cars, EVs have limited driving ranges, and if the battery runs out, the driver may be stranded until they can find a charging station. This fear can be a significant barrier to adoption for some consumers, who are used to the convenience of being able to refuel their cars at any gas station. However, advances in battery technology have led to longer ranges for electric vehicles, and this is gradually reducing the impact of range anxiety on potential EV buyers.

Lack of standardization: Another challenge facing the development of EV infrastructure is the lack of standardization in charging technology. There are currently multiple types of charging stations available, and different vehicles require different types of charging connections. This lack of standardization can create confusion and inconvenience for EV owners, who may struggle to find the right charging station for their vehicles. However, efforts are underway to develop a standardized charging system that will make it easier for EV owners to charge their vehicles regardless of the make and model.

Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Market

As per RationalStat’s market study, India electric vehicle infrastructure market, is expected to experience a robust growth rate of 30% between 2019 and 2028. The infrastructure to charge an electric vehicle is crucial for India's growth. India's Government has set a goal to make 70% of all commercial vehicles, 30% of private cars and 40% of buses and 80% of two-wheelers changes to EV by 2030. To achieve this goal, India must have enough charging stations.

The EV market is growing because of rising concerns about urban air pollution. Conventional fuel vehicles are a major cause of air pollution. This forces governments to impose strict regulations on car manufacturers to limit vehicle emissions. EVs are able to reduce dependence on oil-based fuels, and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The government of many countries are also involved in driving the EVs’ sales by providing subsidies for customers.

Future Growth of Electric Vehicles

The Federation also requested FAME-II of the Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry to continue until 2025 to increase the EV demand. The scheme cost US$ 1.3 billion to finance the incentivized EV purchase and help India's charging infrastructure. In 2018, the National E-Mobility Program, which was designed to promote hybrid and electric vehicles in India, was launched. It aimed at achieving national fuel security. The program aims to reach 30% of all-electric vehicles by 2030. This will be a major boost to market growth in the future.

Bottom Line

The development of EV infrastructure is crucial for the growth and adoption of electric vehicles. The challenges facing the development of EV infrastructure include limited charging infrastructure, high costs of charging stations, range anxiety, and lack of standardization. However, with the right investment and collaboration between the public and private sectors, these challenges can be overcome, and electric vehicles can become a viable alternative to traditional gasoline-powered cars.