30 January 2017

Lathe machine introduction

Origin to Invented :

The lathe machine is one of the oldest machine tools.

The origins of lathe can be traced back to Ancient Egypt and ancient Greece. In ancient Egypt, two-person lathes were extensively used. 
In a two-person lathe, one person would turn the wood (work piece) and the other person would cut the wood with a single-point cutting tool. Cutting operation in this lathe involved a lot of manual labour and consumed a large amount of time.

Lathe machine came into existence from the early tree lathe which was then a novel device for rotating and machining a piece of work held between two adjacent trees.

A rope wound round the work with its one end attached to a flexible branch of a tree and the other end being pulled by a man-caused the job to rotate intermittently. then had tool arrives.

With its further development, a strip of wood called Lathe. it used to support the rope and that is how the machine came to be known as Lathe.

As early as 1569, the wood lathe was used in France. after that lathe machine adapted to metal cutting in England during the industrial revolution. 

In the year 1797 Henry Maudslay, an Englishman, invented the first screw-cutting lathe which is the forerunner of the present-day high speed, heavy-duty production lathe.

Lathe machine is also known mother/father of the entire tool family.

Basic Introduction :

A lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation with tools that are applied to the work piece to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation. 

On the lathe machine, the various operation is done by the different types of cutting tool for lathe machine with the Lathe machine safety precautions

Nowadays different Lathe machine types are available all lathe have different parts   so we choose according to the purpose which Operation we have to done and then select lathe machines. All lathe machine have different functions and different working.

Nowadays automatic CNC lathe machine is invented. It makes a big impact on manufacturing industries.

Common types of the lathe are used :
  • Engine lathe 
  • Bench lathe 
  • Tracer lathe 
  • Automatic lathe
  • Turret lathe
  • Computer-controlled lathe